附錄  國語注音符號與各式羅馬拼音對照表

一、聲母

國語注音符號            威妥瑪式                        國語羅馬字                    耶魯大學式

Mandarin Phonetic Symbols    Wade System                                Kwoyeu Romatzyh                     Yale System

                                             p                                                   b                                                   b

                                             p’                                                  p                                                   p

                                             m                                                  m                                                  m

                                             f                                                    f                                                    f

()                                                                                               v                                          

                                             t                                                    d                                                   d

                                             t’                                                   t                                                    t

                                             n                                                   n                                                   n

                                             l                                                    l                                                    l

                                             k                                                   g                                                    g

                                             k’                                                  k                                                   k

()                                                                                               ng                                         

                                             h                                                   h                                                   h

                                             chi                                         ji                                           ji

                                             ch’i                                       chi                                         chi

()                                                                                               gn                                         

                                             hs                                                  shi                                         si

                                             ch                                                  j                                                    j

                                             ch’                                                ch                                                  ch

                                             sh                                                  sh                                                  sh

                                             j                                                    r                                                    r

                                             tz,ts-                                             tz                                                  dz

                                             tz’,ts’                                           ts                                                  ts

                                             sz,ss,s-                                         s                                                    s

 

二、韻母

()                                         -u , -ih                                           y                                                   z , r

                                             a                                                    a                                                    a

                                             o                                                   o                                                   owo*

                                             oÊ                                                                                            

                                                                                                   È                                                   Ê

                                             ai                                                   ai                                                   ai

                                             ei                                                   ei                                                   ei

                                             ao                                                  au                                                  au

                                             ou                                                 ou                                                 ou

                                             an                                                  an                                                  an

                                             Ên                                                 en                                                  en

                                             ang                                                ang                                                ang

                                             Ếng                                               eng                                                eng

                                             Ếrh                                                el                                                   er

                                             I                                                    I                                                    yi , -i

∣ㄚ                                         ya , -ia                                           ia                                                   ya

∣ㄛ                                                                                               io

∣ㄝ                                         yeh , -ieh                                       ie                                                   ye

∣ㄞ                                         yai                                                 iai                                                  yai

∣ㄠ                                         yao,-iao                                         iau                                                 yau

∣ㄡ                                         yu,-iu                                            iou                                                you

∣ㄢ                                         yen,-ien                                         ian                                                 yan

∣ㄣ                                         yin,-in                                           in                                                  yin , -in

∣ㄤ                                         yang,-iang                                     iang                                               yang

∣ㄥ                                         ying,-ing                                       ing                                                yng , -ing

                                             wu , -u                                          u                                                   wu , -u

ㄨㄚ                                         wa , -ua                                         ua                                                  wa

ㄨㄛ                                         wo , -uo                                        uo                                                 wo

ㄨㄞ                                         wai , -uai                                       uai                                                 wai

ㄨㄟ                                         wei , -ui-uei                          uei                                                 wei

ㄨㄢ                                         wan , -uan                                     uan                                                wan

ㄨㄣ                                         wẾn , -un                                      uen                                                wun

ㄨㄤ                                         wang , -uang                                 uang                                              wang

ㄨㄥ                                         wẾng , -ung                                  ueng , -ong                                    weng , -ung

                                             yu , -u                                           iu                                                  yu

ㄩㄝ                                         yueh , -ueh                                   iue                                                 ywe

ㄩㄢ                                         yuan , -uan                                   iuan                                               ywan

ㄩㄣ                                         yun , -un                                       iun                                                yun

ㄩㄥ                                         yung , -iung                                  iong                                               yung

註:״wo״在ㄅㄆㄇㄈ之後用。